Anatomy

Bones, joints and muscles of the upper and lower limbs study guide

Author: Gabriela Hešková, Desanka Výbohová, Yvetta Mellová

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The main purpose of the study guide is to provide a basic educational material for the study of the bones, joints and muscles of the upper and lower limb. The text is enriched by the figures of the dry human bones - photographs of the bony preparations used during the anatomy practicals in our Department of Anatomy. Figures of the joints, ligaments and muscles are retrieved from public domein of Gray´s Anatomy of human Body (1918). Althought the study guide contains the photos and figures, it is necessary to use this study material in association with any human anatomy atlas (Sobotta´s, Gray´s, Gilroy´s or Netter´s atlas of human anatomy). The study guide offers the possibility to test the obtained knowledge by a set of review questions at the last chapter.

Axial skeleton study guide

Author: Desanka Výbohová

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This study guide has been prepared for medical students as a basic educational material for the anatomy practicals. The first chapter provides explanation of basic anatomical terms used for the description of the structures of human body. Understanding of these terms is essential for the study of anatomy and for the future clinical practise. The main part of the study guide presents concise knowledge about the axial skeleton – vertebral column, skeleton of the thorax and the skull. The text is fulfilled by the photographs of dry bones (bony preparations) used during the anatomy practicals in our department, however, it is necessary combine the study with using of anatomy atlases (Sobotta´s, Gray´s, Gilroy ´s or Netter´s atlas of human anatomy). Several figures are retrieved from the public domein of Gray´s Anatomy of human Body (1918). The last part of the study guide contains a set of review questions which can help the students when they will prepare for the credit tests and final exam.
I hope you will find this study guide useful resource for your independend study and review.